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A Guide To Media: Journalism Vs Mass Communication

Journalism Vs Mass Communication

While the differences between journalism and mass communication are often confused, they each play unique roles. Journalism focuses on reporting news and keeping the public informed about current events. Mass communication covers a broader range of media and communication methods used to inform, entertain, and engage large audiences. 

Let’s explore how these two fields differ and why each is important in its own. 

What Is Journalism?

Journalism is the practice of gathering, verifying, and disseminating news and information to the public. It is critical to inform the public about current events, provide insight and analysis, and hold those in power accountable. The history of journalism can be traced back to ancient civilisations, where messengers were responsible for delivering news to rulers and other members of society. The first newspaper, however, was published in 1605 in Strasbourg, France. Since then, journalism has evolved with the rise of technology and the increasing demand for information. 

There are different types of journalism fields you can opt for. Some of the prominent ones are: 

What Is Mass Communication?

Mass communication is the process of transmitting information, ideas, and messages to a large and diverse audience through various forms of media, such as newspapers, magazines, radio, television, and the Internet. It is a vital aspect of modern society, providing individuals with the necessary information to make informed decisions about their lives and the world around them. 

Today, there are several types of mass communication, including print media, broadcast media, and digital media. Print media includes newspapers, magazines, and books, while broadcast media includes radio and television. Digital media, which has become increasingly important in recent years, includes websites, social media, and mobile applications. 

Key Differences Between Journalism & Mass Communication 

Journalism and Mass Communication are two distinct fields that share some similarities but have fundamental differences in focus, communication medium, target audience, objectivity vs subjectivity, and the required skill set.

AspectJournalismMass Communication
FocusGathering, reporting, and disseminating news and information through various media platforms.Using various media platforms to communicate with a wide audience, including advertising and PR.
Medium of CommunicationPrimarily traditional media (print and broadcast) and digital platforms (social media, websites, blogs).A mix of print, broadcast, and digital media, including advertising, public relations, and digital marketing.
Target AudienceAimed at informing the general public about current events, social issues, and relevant topics.Aimed at specific target audiences, such as particular demographics or managing the public image of entities.
Objectivity vs SubjectivityAssociated with objectivity, focusing on accurate and unbiased reporting of facts.It can be more subjective, often using emotional appeals to connect with the audience.
Required Skill SetSkills in research, reporting, writing, and ethical journalism practices.Skills in media strategy, audience analysis, persuasive communication, and campaign management.

Difference Between Journalism & Mass Communication Subjects

One effective method of assessing the quality of a course is by understanding the subjects covered throughout its duration. Below are some key topics included in Mass Communication and Journalism programmes. 

Mass Communication Subjects: 

The table below comprises the top subjects taught at different levels of Mass Communication degrees. Make sure you go through them thoroughly: 

UG SubjectsJournalismAdvertisingPublic RelationsEvent managementFilm makingDocumentariesRadio Broadcasting (Community and Commercial)Digital MediaBrand Planning and Management
PG SubjectsIntroduction To Mass CommunicationMedia HistoryDesign and GraphicsMaking Of News BulletinSoft SkillsWorkshop On Social MediaMedia LawsWriting for MediaPolitical CommunicationMedia and Communication ResearchPolitical CommunicationReporting and EditingAdvertising and Communication

Journalism Subjects

As there are various types of journalism fields that you can undertake, there are many subjects that you can opt for. Below are some of the popular courses you can consider: 

Undergraduate Courses Magazine Journalism & Publishing Journalism & Media Studies
Digital Media & Journalism BAMedia, Journalism & CultureInternational Journalism Fashion Journalism
Masters CoursesMA Arts & Lifestyle JournalismMA Audio/Visual JournalismScience Justice JournalismInternational Multimedia JournalismMSC Digital Journalism 

Top Universities To Study Mass Communication & Journalism 

If you’re considering studying these dynamic fields at top universities worldwide, below are some of the top universities with their popular journalism and mass communication courses. These universities are ranked by renowned global publications and ranking platforms. Let’s have a look at them:

University NameCourseTuition FeesCountries
Illinois Institute Of TechnologyBachelor of Architecture – Digital DesignUSD 50636 (2024)USA
Glasgow Caledonian UniversityMA Multimedia JournalismGBP 17950UK
Brock UniversityBachelor of Arts in Media and Communication StudiesCAD 34152Canada
University Of South AlabamaBachelor of Arts in Communication – Communication StudiesUSD 22440USA
East Tennessee State UniversityBachelor of Arts in Media and Communication – JournalismUSD 19182USA
South Dakota State UniversityBachelor of Arts in JournalismUSD 11284USA
Ball State UniversityBachelor of Science in Journalism – NewsUSD 27496USA
Suffolk University – Into UsaBachelor of Science in Journalism – Print/Web JournalismUSD46954USA
Depaul UniversityBachelor of Arts in English – Creative WritingUSD43665USA

Difference Between Media & Journalism Career Prospects

As media and journalism degrees are different, their career prospects also differ! Given below are some of the professions that get higher salaries both in India and abroad:

Careers In Journalism:

  1. Reporter/Journalist: A reporter is responsible for investigating and gathering information about news stories and presenting that information clearly and concisely to the public. Reporters can work for newspapers, magazines, online media outlets, or broadcast organisations.
  2. Editor: An editor is responsible for overseeing a publication’s content, ensuring that it is accurate, relevant, and engaging. Editors work closely with writers, reporters, and other editorial team members to create compelling content that resonates with readers.
  3. Columnist: A columnist is an expert in a particular area, such as politics, sports, or entertainment, who provides commentary and analysis on current events. Columnists typically have a strong point of view and are known for their ability to provide insightful analysis and commentary on complex topics.

Careers In Mass Communication:

  1. Public Relations Specialist: A public relations specialist is responsible for creating and maintaining a positive public image for a company, organisation, or individual. They work with the media to disseminate information about their client, respond to inquiries from the public, and manage crises.
  2. Advertising Executive: An advertising executive creates and executes client advertising campaigns. They work with a team of creatives to develop messaging and visuals that resonate with the target audience and then place those ads in the appropriate media channels.
  3. Social Media Manager: A social media manager manages a company’s presence on social media platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram. They create content, engage with followers, and monitor social media metrics to ensure the company achieves its goals on those platforms. 

Which Is Better – Mass Communication Or Journalism? 

Mass Communication and Journalism have their merits and importance, depending on individual interests and career goals. Mass Communication covers a broader range of media and communication methods, including advertising, public relations, and digital media, while Journalism focuses explicitly on reporting news and events. Ultimately, the “better” choice depends on one’s preferences, skills, and aspirations. 

In conclusion, Journalism and Mass Communication are more important than ever in today’s world. With the rise of fake news and disinformation, the need for reliable and trustworthy sources of information has never been greater. At the same time, technological advances and the proliferation of social media have created new challenges and opportunities for the media industry. As such, we must continue to support and invest in quality journalism and mass communication to ensure that our society remains informed, engaged, and democratic.


1. What is the difference between Journalism Vs Mass Communication?

Journalism refers to gathering, reporting, and analysing news and information. At the same time, Mass Communication encompasses the broader field of communication that includes journalism, advertising, public relations, and other forms of media.

2. Can one pursue a career in mass communication without studying journalism?

Yes, pursuing a career in Mass Communication without specifically studying journalism is possible. Mass Communication is a broad field that encompasses various disciplines and specialisations, including advertising, public relations, film-making, and more.

3. Is journalism a subset of mass communication?

Yes, journalism is a subset of mass communication, as it is a specific practice within the broader field of communication.

4. Do journalism and mass communication students study the same subjects?

While there may be some overlap in the subjects studied by journalism and mass communication students, the curriculum for each programme may differ depending on the focus and specialisation of the course.

5. Which field offers better job opportunities – journalism or mass communication?

Both journalism and mass communication offer a range of job opportunities, with specific prospects depending on the individual’s skills, experience, and specialisation. Careers in journalism may include reporters, editors, correspondents, and writers, while careers in mass communication may include roles in advertising, public relations, and media production.

PS: If there’s anything more you’d like us to know about. Add it to the comments section!

Thank you for reading this blog post on A Guide To Media: Journalism Vs Mass Communication. We hope that it has provided valuable information for prospective students considering this university. Check out our other blogs of interest:

1 thought on “Top PGDM Courses In Canada: Universities, Specialisations & Eligibility”

  1. I have done Bachelor’s in Culinary Arts from India and completed my graduation in the year 2022 .I am 22 years old. After graduation, I have done 1 year paid internship from USA .Now, I would like to take occupational experience and learn culinary skills and also do masters in Culinary arts.How can I find the college n best course / country where I can persue studying further

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Journalism Vs Mass Communication

A Guide To Media: Journalism Vs Mass Communication

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