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Subsidised Loan

A subsidised loan is a type of student loan with specific features designed to assist students in financing their education. Unlike unsubsidised loans, subsidised loans offer certain financial advantages, primarily related to interest accrual during specific periods. Here’s a technical overview of subsidised loans:

Eligibility Criteria

Eligibility for subsidised loans is typically determined based on financial need, as assessed through the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). The FAFSA considers factors such as family income, assets, and the number of dependents in college.

Loan Limits

The amount a student can borrow through subsidised loans is subject to both annual and aggregate limits. These limits vary depending on the student’s academic level (undergraduate or graduate) and dependency status.

Interest Subsidy

The key feature of subsidised loans is the interest subsidy provided by the government. During specific periods, such as the in-school period, grace period, and authorised deferment periods, the government covers the accruing interest on the loan.

In-School Period

subsidised loans often have an in-school period, during which the borrower is attending an eligible educational institution at least half-time. During this period, interest does not accrue, as it is subsidised by the government.

Grace Period

After a student graduates, leaves school, or drops below half-time enrollment, there is typically a grace period before loan repayment begins. During this grace period, interest on subsidised loans remains subsidised, and the borrower is not required to make principal or interest payments.


subsidised loans enter the repayment phase once the grace period concludes. At this point, the borrower is responsible for both the principal and interest payments.

Deferment and Forbearance

During periods of authorised deferment or forbearance, the government continues to cover the interest on subsidised loans, ensuring that the borrower is not burdened with interest accrual during times of financial hardship or other qualifying circumstances.

Interest Rate

subsidised loan interest rates are set by the government and may vary based on the academic year. These rates are usually lower than those of unsubsidised loans.

Loan Servicers

Subsidised loans are serviced by designated loan servicers, who handle billing, repayment plans, and other aspects of loan management on behalf of the government.

Loan Forgiveness and Repayment Plans

subsidised loans may be eligible for certain loan forgiveness programs or income-driven repayment plans, providing additional flexibility for borrowers facing financial challenges.

The Bottom Line is…

Subsidised loans are a valuable financial aid tool for students with demonstrated financial need. The interest subsidy during specific periods helps alleviate the overall cost of education for borrowers, making these loans an attractive option for those who qualify. Understanding the technical details of subsidised loans is crucial for informed financial planning and responsible borrowing in the pursuit of higher education.

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Subsidised Loan